On June 13, 2014, the sixth meeting of the Central Financial and Economic Leading Group. General Secretary Xi Jinping delivered an important speech, stressing that "China should promote the energy consumption revolution, the energy supply revolution, the energy technology revolution, the energy system revolution, and comprehensively strengthen international cooperation to achieve energy security under open conditions." The "four revolutions, one cooperation" new energy security strategy has become the fundamental follow-up of China's energy reform and development, and the theory of energy development with Chinese characteristics has achieved a major leap.
This year marks the fifth anniversary of the new energy security strategy. During the two sessions of the National People's Congress, the deputies visited the summary of the remarkable achievements and profound changes in energy development over the past five years, and studied the strategies to further promote the new strategy of energy security.
The deputies said that in the past five years, the energy system has thoroughly implemented the new energy security strategy, and the "four revolutions and one cooperation" have been deepened, and the energy development has been deeply promoted to achieve quality change, efficiency change and power change. The energy industry is moving towards a higher quality, more efficient, more equitable, and more sustainable direction, and the development of high-quality energy sources is a start.
Accelerated construction of green multi-supply system, major changes in energy supply quality
"Energy security is a global and strategic issue that affects the country's economic and social development. It is vital to the prosperity and development of the country, the improvement of people's lives, and the long-term stability of society." General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized the important position of energy security when proposing a new energy security strategy. . It is the primary task of energy development to fully meet the energy needs of economic and social development and the people's better life.
Zhang Jianhua, director of the National Energy Administration, pointed out that improving the overall supply quality of the energy system is the main direction of promoting energy quality change. In the past five years, the energy system has deepened the supply-side structural reform, vigorously broke the energy supply constraints, and accelerated the construction of a green and diversified energy supply system. The clean and efficient use of fossil energy such as coal and petroleum has achieved remarkable results. The clean energy industry has grown steadily, the energy production structure has been continuously optimized, and the transition to clean and low carbon has accelerated, and the quality of energy supply has undergone major changes.
Ma Yongsheng, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and deputy general manager of China Petrochemical Group Co., Ltd., introduced that Sinopec seriously implemented the important instructions of General Secretary Xi Jinping and increased the exploration and development of crude oil and natural gas. In 2018, the replacement rate of crude oil reserves reached 113%, and the replacement of natural gas reserves also maintained a good trend. The crude oil production capacity increased by more than 2.5 million tons, and the natural gas production capacity increased by about 2 billion cubic meters. "According to the current progress, through the work of the next 5-7 years, we believe that it will reverse the trend of increasing dependence on oil imports, and it is expected to control the external dependence to around 60%."
Energy sector de-capacity and clean low-carbon transformation achievements are widely recognized. Vice Chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, Secretary of the Party Committee of the National Development and Reform Commission, and Li Feng, the chief of the National Development and Reform Commission, said at the first press conference of the Second Session of the 13th National People's Congress that China's supply-side structural reforms have made new and greater progress, and steel and coal have advanced capacity. In the past two years, the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" mission has been completed, and this has led to the improvement of other related industries, which has played a significant role in structural adjustment.
Liu Bingjiang, member of the National Committee of the CPPCC Population Resources and Environment Committee, the Standing Committee of the Democratic National Construction Association and the Director of the Atmospheric Environment Management Department of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, said that at present, the national 810 million kilowatt coal-fired units have basically reached the level of natural gas emissions and built the world's largest clean. For the coal-fired power generation system, the proportion of coal in primary energy consumption fell below 60% for the first time, reaching 59%.
The steady growth of the clean energy industry is an important driving force for promoting China's energy production and consumption revolution and building a clean, low-carbon, safe and efficient energy system. At present, the proportion of clean energy power generation installed capacity in China has increased to about 40%, and the proportion of power generation has increased to 30%.
Zhang Chuanwei, deputy of the National People's Congress and chairman of Mingyang Smart Energy, said that China's wind power and solar energy have become the vane of global clean energy development, and it is a global leader in terms of innovative technology, installed capacity and equipment level. Last year, China's wind power and solar power installed capacity totaled nearly 70 million kilowatts, accounting for 70% of the nation's newly added power installed capacity. In 2022, the country is expected to form a trillion-yuan offshore wind power equipment manufacturing industrial cluster.
Optimizing the allocation of energy resources, promoting the transformation of energy development efficiency
At present, the main contradiction of China's energy development has been transformed into a contradiction between the people's growing need for better living energy and the development of inadequate energy imbalance. The new energy security strategy is the path to the contradiction of energy development. The energy system resolutely reverses the extensive development model, deepens the innovation of energy system and mechanism, enhances the coordinated development of energy, promotes the decisive role of the market in allocating resources, optimizes energy resource allocation, comprehensively improves energy efficiency, and improves energy total factor productivity.
During an interview with People's Daily during the two sessions of the National People's Congress, Zhang Jianhua said that since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, General Secretary Xi Jinping personally led the promotion of deepening the reform work, accelerated the reform of the energy system, and made positive progress in the reform of key areas and key links. Substantial steps have been taken, the reform of the oil and gas system has been steadily advanced, and the degree of energy marketization has been continuously improved. The energy governance approach has initially realized a major reform from project approval to strategy, planning, policy, standards, supervision and service.
In the past five years, China's energy strategy and planning have played a more prominent role. The coordinated development of energy integration has been effectively improved, which has played an important role in improving energy production and operational efficiency. In 2018, the national average water energy utilization rate reached over 95%, the wind power utilization rate reached 93%, and the photovoltaic utilization rate reached 97%. The energy system optimizes the layout and construction timing of renewable energy development, and fully exerts its regulatory role. Renewable energy consumption continues to improve significantly.
Shu Yinbiao, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and chairman of Huaneng Group, said that the increase in the number of restrictions has restricted the development speed of wind power generation in areas where wind abandonment and light is abandoned, and played a key role in the decline in the rate of abandonment.
Energy development needs to be efficient in the market. In the past five years, the energy sector has been steadily pushing forward market-oriented reforms, accelerating the construction of an effective competitive market structure and market system, gradually releasing market vitality, and improving the level of resource optimization and allocation. The new round of electricity reform pilots achieved full coverage, and the electricity market trading mechanism continued to improve. The market trading power accounted for 30% of the total electricity consumption. System reforms in oil and gas pipeline networks, exploration and development, etc. have been promoted in an orderly manner to improve the utilization efficiency of pipeline network facilities.
Ma Yongsheng said that the reform of oil and gas pipeline network can improve the level, quality and even safety of the entire pipeline network operation, and exert the function of the pipeline network to a greater extent. The distribution of oil and gas in China is uneven, and it is necessary to connect the pipelines. The smooth progress of the reform of the pipeline network can realize resource allocation in the whole country and even in the global region.
The role of global market allocation resources is accelerating in the energy sector. In the past five years, the energy system has promoted energy international cooperation in an all-round way, focused on expanding cooperation areas, continuously expanding the scale of cooperation, continuously improving the quality of cooperation, and continuously improving the ability to utilize international energy resources.
"At present, China National Petroleum Corporation has achieved remarkable results in international cooperation. In 2018, PetroChina's overseas oil and gas rights output equivalent exceeds 98 million tons, and it is expected to reach 100 million tons in 2019. China must base itself on global resources. International oil and gas cooperation, vigorously 'going out', promote oil and gas cooperation in accordance with the concept of cooperation and win-win." National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, deputy director of the Economic Committee, chairman of the China National Petroleum Corporation, party group secretary Wang Yilin said.
Reform and innovation stimulate vitality and drive power conversion
"From the main investment in materials, capital, manpower, etc., to the more comprehensive investment in science and technology, system, management, technology, etc." Zhang Jianhua's discussion on the power conversion of energy development reflects the profound transformation of energy development concepts and methods. . In the past five years, China's energy development has entered a new stage of innovation drive. The energy technology revolution and the institutional revolution continue to release the dynamic vitality of development, and promote the development of the energy industry chain and value chain from the low end to the middle and high end.
In the past five years, a series of major energy technologies and demonstration projects have made breakthroughs. A number of major core equipments have achieved independent research and development, and major technological projects such as nuclear power, oil and gas, and gas turbines have made breakthroughs. A number of independent key technologies have leapt to the international level. Energy technology innovation capabilities to achieve more "and run", and a few "leading" breakthrough.
"China's nuclear power has reached the first international camp in terms of design, research and development, construction and operation. At present, China's nuclear power has the world's most advanced level and has the strength and conditions of 'going out'. 'Hualong No. 1' owns Complete independent intellectual property rights are completely unconstrained in 'going out'," said Luo Qi, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and president of the China Nuclear Power Research and Design Institute.
Liu Hanyuan, deputy of the National People's Congress and chairman of the Board of Directors of Tongwei Group, said that with the continuous breakthrough of China's photovoltaic power generation industry technology, the price of photovoltaic modules has dropped by 94% in the past decade, achieving a qualitative leap. Photovoltaic products such as battery chips and modules manufactured in China have also achieved a high market share in overseas markets, and the technical level in some fields has been at the forefront of the world.
Technological innovation, industrial innovation, business model innovation, and the close integration of energy and other fields in high-tech, continue to release the driving force of energy development, and also cultivate energy and its related industries into a new growth point that drives China's industrial upgrading.
Zhang Lei, deputy of the National People's Congress and CEO of Vision Group, said that grid companies will create an open energy Internet platform that will foster an innovative ecosystem and promote the distributed transformation of energy systems. The distributed revolution of energy systems will provide the largest application scenarios for 5G, big data, cloud computing, artificial intelligence, network security and other technologies, leading the industrial Internet trend. The energy Internet will become an important practice area of ??the industrial Internet, empowering China's industrial and economic transformation and upgrading.
Iterative development of energy technology, the accumulation of power conversion is the development of stamina. The energy system and mechanism are broken and new, and the solution between the breaks is to solve the deep-seated contradictions of energy development and stimulate the dynamic vitality of releasing development.
Chen Xiuyan, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and chairman of the State Grid Fujian Electric Power Company, and party secretary, said that the market mechanism of power medium- and long-term trading, power spot market, and auxiliary services is active in the power market, mobilizing diversified market players to find the most suitable position in the market. Give full play to their respective roles.
The tide of the energy revolution is surging. Change is the unshakable direction of energy development in the past five years. Change, let energy quickly find the right time and space in the new era of high-quality development, and open up a new development pattern.
“Quality development is a big test that is related to the overall profound changes in the energy industry.” The new energy security strategy has delineated the waterway for this change. At present, the implementation of the new energy security strategy is an important time node for the development of the new energy security, and further promotes the new strategy of energy security, and grasps the key forces for the high-quality development of energy to push the mountain up and down.
After five years of departure, starting from the spring tide, China Energy entered the spring of high-quality development.